About that parsnips - vegetable, not only the great Russian poet, know not all.This plant despite its usefulness, was undeservedly forgotten.
parsnip homeland - the Altai Territory and the south Urals.The flowering of the popularity of this vegetable came in XII-XVII century.In Russia it has been used along with turnip as a staple food in the winter.However, the spread of potato parsnip popularity gradually diminished.Today, very few gardeners grow this vegetable, despite the fact that he has an unusually pleasant spicy flavor and is a great benefit to the body.
In curative properties parsnips can be compared with ginseng.It contains a huge amount of vitamins and minerals and this is a low-calorie product.Therefore, parsnips can safely be called a dietary product.
Use of this vegetable helps to improve metabolism, normalize the digestive system and various glands.Furthermore, parsnip - vegetable which can improve the circulatory system.Due to the diuretic properties, it is effe
can endlessly enumerate what health problems can solve parsnips.Herb (or rather leaves), roots and seeds - all of these parts of the plant are endowed with healing abilities.
Despite the huge number of useful properties, it should be remembered that there are contraindications that prevent the use of this vegetable.Pasternak is used for the treatment of children and the elderly.It should also be remembered that the wild plant is poisonous.
Even such a large list of useful properties and a small number of contraindications have not led to the prevalence of parsnip among gardeners.
parsnip low popularity can be explained by the fact that to succeed, even at the stage of germination is quite difficult.The fact that this vegetable seeds remain viable for only a period of one year.
If we talk about which group is the parsnip, a vegetable that can be described as a biennial plant.This means that in the first year it grows root and only a second - there are seeds, which can be collected and used for inoculation.
For high-quality planting material should be left to hibernate several roots.Once it is warm, they start to grow and will give a big bush.Therefore, they should choose the place where they will not interfere.In the early summer of Pasternak appear umbrellas.He Blossoms small yellow flowers.The first seeds produced in about a month.As they ripen long and very uneven, it is best to collect them regularly.It's enough to shake up the umbrellas.
way, overwintered in the ground fruits can also be used as food.This should be done even before the leaves appear.This will help replenish the supply of vitamins in the spring.
There are many varieties of parsnip, its fruits can be tapered or rounded.Good keeping quality have the following varieties: Student Best of all, the early round, white stork.And varieties that produce round fruit have a lower yield, but they ripen faster.
Pasternak - a vegetable that has a very strong resistance to cold.Therefore, it can be sown in early spring as soon as the soil warms up to seven degrees Celsius.The high content of essential oils in the seed leads to the fact that their germination rate is very low.They only germinate in 10-20 days.
Pasternak loves sunny places.The first two months it grows slowly.Care parsnip is timely watering and weeding, hoeing regularly.In sunny weather, parsnip leaves secrete essential oils that can leave burns on the skin.Therefore, care should be implemented it with gloves or in cloudy weather.Pasternak is resistant to disease, but during the flowering period, this culture are often attacked by various insects.
Root vegetables are cleaned in the late autumn.On the storage is best to leave the firm fruit with white-cream color.Store them in the basement, let them dry and cut the tops.It is important to remember that food is best to eat the fruit of medium size, because large pulp may be lignified.
And finally, another interesting fact - parsnips almost does not accumulate nitrates.But it is very important in today's world!
It is unfortunate that such a valuable vegetable undeservedly forgotten.There is something to think about, and it is too late, to buy and plant a useful plant!