Carnivorous plants

Carnivorous plants are often referred to as a miracle of nature.Living in places where the soil nutrient is not enough, they have developed atypical for the world of plant survival strategy - the ability to trap and then eat the prey, which is alive.There are about 450 species of predators.They belong to six families.You can find them all over the planet in the most diverse and unusual habitats.Since these plants are powered exclusively by small insects, they are sometimes also called insectivores.

Some carnivorous plants use to lure prey trap-jugs.In some species the inner walls and the edge of hunting leaves painted in a bright red color, while others are attracted by the fact that the release sweetener.Plant has predator Sarracenia pitcher on the neck of his rather long hairs, which are directed downward and do not allow the insects to get out of the trap.There are two explanations why extraction does not have time to fly out of the trap.This or stupefying substance that is contained in the sugary

liquid and quickly lulls insect or overhanging lid, powerfully disorienting prey.Inside the jug secrete enzymes that greatly accelerate the dissolution of the flesh of captured insects.However, there are some insects that may well exist in the middle of the pitchers.

The most famous example is slamming trap flytrap plant, or as it is called, the Venus flytrap.The trap is formed at the end of the leaf and stalk acts as a makeshift loop.The sheet also forms two shares bordered by teeth.Each lobe has sensory hairs, which leads to a trap action.This happens when an insect accidentally disturbs only a hair.Touching hair at the second comes powerful electric pulse that causes a trap to slam final.It slams it instantly, in front of the fifth of a second.The teeth, which come on top of each other, close tightly enough, so little insect can manage to get out.In this case, the trap opens again not to spend such a valuable digestive liquid.If Flycatcher lucky and got a big booty trap slowly closes for a couple hours, the victim will be crushed.

pinguicula Carnivorous plants, sundew and drosophyllum using adhesives.When the insects land on a leaf, they begin to get bogged down in a sugary liquid that stalked glands secrete these plants.The victim, trying to escape, only makes the hairs adjacent to lean toward the source of the movement, as a result turns out to be grasped more firmly.

bladderwort Carnivorous plants are grown in ponds.They can swim freely, but they can also take root.With their leaves hanging bubbles which have openings.Special glands pump out all the water from the bladder to the valve constantly remained closed tightly because water pressure outside.Sweeteners attract prey, and at the same time strengthens the next trap.The bristles are directed towards the production of a valve that opens instantly when the victim Regarding signal hairs.Valve due to the pressure opens inwards, and is sucked into the bubble extraction with water.Then he rose, the water is pumped out and begins a slow digestion of food produced.

Quite often near the plant and pemphigus are Genlisea.His catching leaves are different in that they have a short stalk, which is divided into two tubes, leaving the water.It feeds on small aquatic organisms that are directed hairs inside the trap, from which then can not get out and gradually digested.