Decanter - what is it?

Specialists, winemakers and wine connoisseurs are well aware that the taste and aroma of the drink affects many factors, starting with grapes and finishing dishes in which it is served on the table.To give vinopitiya refinement process and further improve the quality of the product, there is a simple, yet quite effective adaptation, called "decanter".What is it and how to use it to achieve the desired result?

Red and white

The words "wine" and "vines" have the same root, because this drink is made exclusively from grapes.Alcohol from apples, plums and other fruit is anything but not wine.Therefore, all of the information offered in this article refers to the natural grape wines.The traditional color grading divides them into the red, pink and white.Rose wines have a very wide palette of shades of garnet and ruby.The color of white wines range from light amber to yellow-brown, like the rather weak tea brew, with wine than "older", so it is darker.Red wines, on the contrary, become lighter with ag

e.This occurs due to the fact that they contain anthocyanins (colorants) eventually precipitate.The color of red wines is from maroon to pale ruby.The precipitate, although a proof of the quality of the drink and the taste of wine does not spoil, but it affects the appearance.To remove this small defect, using a decanter.What is it and so does he need?

What is the decanter

Many of us know the situation: at a nice restaurant waiter to the table wine is not in a bottle and in a glass decanter, and sometimes it looks like a flask of chemical laboratory, and sometimes has a rather bizarre form - at the bottomwide, and at the top with a narrow neck.It called a carafe of wine "decanter".Most often it is made of high-quality glass or crystal.

Decorations that Contessa practically absent.This is done so that nothing distracts people from admiring drink, and to give greater aesthetic process.Decanter can be decorated only by the unusual shape of the handle, stand or lid.For decorative use only neutral materials such as gold, silver or nickel silver.Wood, and even more plastic elements are not allowed.

history decanters

Some will be surprised to learn that people used decanters before our era, starting from the VII century.The earliest of them were represented and ceramic amphorae in which wine is poured before you submit it to the table.Archaeologists believe that the glass decanters have been widely used in ancient Rome.However, with the fall of the power of the Roman Empire began to decline, and glass-making.Glassware was replaced by bronze, copper, porcelain, and glass blowers passed the baton to Venice.The local master greatly improved the production process of glass and made of its high purity.They also came up at the base of a high narrow neck jug wine.Decanter such form has long been considered a classic, and is the most common.

functions and types of decanters

According to some sources, the word «de-canther» is of Latin origin and in free translation sounds like "part of the whole selection without stirring."This is the essence of the process of decanting wine - separating them from the resulting precipitate gently without stirring.But this is only one answer to the question of why there is a decanter.In addition to separating the precipitate, it is used to enrich the wine with oxygen, and hence give them a new subtle flavors.

third decanter purely aesthetic function - to submit to a table wine with a special charm, emphasize the elegance of the drink and high quality service.Depending on the underlying purpose of use, there are different types of cookware.Since the precipitate is usually in aged red wines, for them there is one type of decanters.Young and drinks used a completely different type.

Decanter for vintage wines

red shades give the wine pigments present in the skin of blue, red and black grapes from which they are made.These components have properties with time, or rather, after 4 years or more after manufacture precipitate.

The white varieties of dyes there is little, so it decanter for red wine, aged vintage or collector has a shape that allows the maximum to get rid of sediment.Externally, it is similar to laboratory flask - rounded or spherical in the bottom and the top having a narrow neck.This decanter can be in the form of the classic decanter with broad "shoulders", delaying the precipitate when pouring wine into glasses.Most often this is done for the aged Bordeaux drinks.Burgundy wines are so subtle and delicate that they decanting is rarely used, and then only in the decanter with a lid.

decanter for white wines and wines without delay

The young white wines, and there is no residue.For them, the decanting is carried out solely in order to saturate them with oxygen and improve the flavor, to reveal them as professionals.Form decanters would then ensure maximum contact of the beverage with air.Their lower part can be any - round, oval, trapezoidal, or any other, as long as it was wide.The neck of decanters made as a funnel, allowing the jet pouring wine "lie prone" in the form of a fan.Poured level should not exceed the widest part of the decanter to the contact with the air was drink maximum.In recent years, so even decanted some sparkling wines, such as champagne.For aerating the drink has to be in a decanter from a few minutes to several hours, otherwise it loses quality.

How to use decanter

In order to separate the sediment as possible, experienced bartenders and sommeliers have some tricks.For example, wine bottles which are going to decant for some time (a few hours to several days) put upright.This helps to maximize the available pellet to fall to the bottom.Be sure to light a candle in the overflow of wine from the bottle into the decanter.What gives?If decant vintage wine, a candle flame will not miss the moment when the precipitate is closer to the neck of the bottle.Sommelier immediately stops the process.If the decanted wine, candle gives the process a special charm.

order to preserve the taste of aged wine, transfusions begin to rinse the decanter with the same drink.To do this it first poured into a decanter slightly, shaken, so that it covered the inside wall, and poured into a separate beaker.Hold the decanter by the neck, or if you need a little warm wine, for the bedplate.So the heat is transferred to the hands of the drink.It should be noted that not even all aged red wines "are able to" endure contact with air without compromising its flavor.Such varieties are generally not decanted and poured from the bottle directly into the glasses.

What other drinks need to decant the wine

addition, a special exhibit exquisite aroma cognacs and whiskeys, in the ritual use including the pleasure of their appearance and odor.To maximize reveal these drinks, they also decanted at the time of the table.Decanter for whiskey and cognac is slightly different from the decanter of wine.As a rule, rounded or square decanter with a slightly extended "shoulders" and the low neck is made of clear, colorless glass or crystal.Transparency allows you to enjoy a drink, which adds to the aesthetics of the process.

Decantation is carried out to give the product "breathe."Earlier in the rules of procedure included the use of brandy slowly washing the walls of the glass drink.And in Ireland, and now there is a rule "Five S», concerning the whiskey.Two of these rules are to assess the color of the drink and inhaled its aroma before drinking.So for whiskey, brandy decanter and also need.Terms


Whichever drink or decanted - whiskey, cognac or wine - decanter must be clean.Wash it need only manually and only the water without the addition of detergents.Exclusive decanters professional brushes wash the inside with a special kind of bristles, just wipe the outside using special napkins.To the inside decanter was dry, it was dried in an inverted position on special pins or supports.Keep ready-to-use utensils desirable apart from the rest.

Prices and manufacturers

You can buy cheap, average for the price and very expensive decanter.What is the difference value mean?Cheap decanters, the value of which is within the range 8-20 dollars usually made from low-grade glass, which affects the quality of decantation and performance-ware.The average price for products which are in the range of 50-80 dollars, are considered to be quite worthy.They are made of high quality materials, good operation and excellent job with the functions assigned to them.Produce them to a broad network of restaurants and pubs in which such containers must be a sufficient number.

most expensive decanters - exclusive.They are produced in very small batches, sometimes single samples and cost thousands of dollars and up.For such dishes using the finest quality crystal, which does not contain even a negligible share of foreign compounds, and trim made of precious metals.The most well-known brands decanters considered Spiegelau, Riedel, Schott Zwiesel.