Among the abundance of beautiful flowering houseplants almost maximum popularity among gardeners enjoy Spathiphyllum.Care and propagation of this flower is simple, although, like any living organism, in the care he needs.But if you do not be lazy and give it a little attention, it will thank you with their undemanding and beautiful long flowering.Features
Like other aroids, Spathiphyllum is not deadly, but it is toxic.In its leaves calcium oxalate is present, so some allergy sufferers touching them can cause dermatitis.You should not let your cat and if it is in your house, chew the plant.The death of the animal is unlikely, but the sores on the oral mucosa, diarrhea and vomiting is unlikely you will please.On the other hand, poisonous phytoncids Spathiphyllum not emit into the air, so that the poison breathe safe.It should take into account their beneficial properties.The plant is excellently cleans harmful components airspace in the house.However, for the effectiveness of this process in a
This plant shade-tolerant.Moreover, it just prefers soft, diffused lighting.On a bright, direct light Spathiphyllum leaves fade and begin to dry.So what would be the ideal choice north, usually an empty window.However, if the light is very small (for example, just in this place growing large green tree), the foliage becomes dark-green, and shallow stretches.Flowering is in question.And the best reproduction of Spathiphyllum will not be - new instances just do not take root.But this plant survives well under artificial light.Even fluorescent lamps is not required - just ordinary apartment.This is used phytodesigners at registration offices and shops.In the summer would be nice to make pots on the street - on the balcony or in the garden.Only once again have to choose shade place to the plants do not get burned, and not "become sad" from excess sunlight.
Special thermal conditions Spathiphyllum do not need to create.Normal room temperature it is quite suitable.However, if the thermometer shows 18 smaller, the growth of the flower is terminated, and it will not bloom.It requires a higher temperature and at breeding Spathiphyllum: the deposited plants needed for survival 22-23 degrees.Therefore, they often cover cut plastic bottles with holes, creating a mini-greenhouse.
From what you need to carefully protect Spathiphyllum, it's from drafts.Even if the fan is running near a flower can get sick and die.When using the air conditioning is not necessary to include the regime below 20 degrees, and the pots need to push away from him.
How often to water
Spathiphyllum - water-loving plant.The ground in his "house" should be moist at all times.No need to wait for the complete drying of groundnut coma.However, the overflow is likely rotting roots.Therefore, if an hour after irrigation in the pan still water, it should definitely be drained.The sign is the appearance of excessive moisture on the leaves dark spots.Seeing them, it is necessary to revise the schedule of irrigation.Lack of water also manifests all the sudden wilting of leaves.Afraid not necessary: just a couple of hours after receiving moisture again they straighten.
especially need to be careful, watering rassazhenny Spathiphyllum - propagation and transplanting can injure the plant.Therefore, the land is good to shed these procedures, and resumes watering only three days to four.
humidity - it is important
Loves Spathiphyllum and spraying - like all plants with large leaf plate.In the heat of such manipulations required prodelyvat twice a day - in the morning, before the sun, and in the evening, when it subsides.If this is not possible (eg in the office), the pot is placed in a tray of damp moss, pebbles or expanded clay.However, even these measures do not eliminate the need to spray the flower in the summer at least every other day.
Moving to a new residence Spathiphyllum needed throughout life.Young plants are transplanted each year requires adults who are more than five years - only when the roots fill the entire pot.Determine the point can be on the roots prosunuvshimsya through the drainage holes.New pot bought low and only slightly larger than the previous one: in these conditions, Spathiphyllum quickly take root and bloom more readily.Drainage - sure, bigger and better to choose.If possible, add peat moss into the soil - soil does not dry out too quickly.The ideal substrate is composed of turf soil, sand, peat, leaf soil.The ratio is 1: 1: 2: 2.After the transplant, in the evening, the plant is sprayed Appin (two drops in a glass of warm water).So it quickly and painlessly get accustomed.To the same end stop watering, but mandatory spraying twice a day before the resumption of irrigation.
Sooner or later you will want to increase its plantation of these beautiful plants.The first caution of the mistakes of those who have not cultivated Spathiphyllum.Reproduction sheet he can not be.Unlike, for example, begonias, Spathiphyllum leaf, dipped in water, just rot, not allowing the roots.The same would happen if it just stuck in the ground, as do many succulents.We gardeners practiced multiplication Spathiphyllum cuttings or dividing rhizomes.Perhaps, of course, the use of seeds, but it is complicated by many factors, which will be discussed below.
Cuttings Vegetative methods are applicable to virtually any plants - some more than others.Is no exception and Spathiphyllum.Propagation by division of the bush is most popular due to the relative simplicity of the process.At the base of a mature plant forms a "kids" - a small leaf rosette with incipiently germinating roots.In the spring, when it comes time to transplant, they carefully separated from the parent plant.The main thing in this process - to untangle the roots, trying not to break.Cuttings root in moistened sand or perlite.Reproduction without troubles Spathiphyllum happen if each new bush transparent dome cover, preferably with holes.If they are not and can not be done, you have two to three times a day to ventilate landing.When the root system will grow and get stronger, the deposited plants are moved to the substrate prepared already described.
division of rhizomes
other devices can sit Spathiphyllum.Reproduction root delenki, on the one hand, gives almost one hundred percent survival rate.On the other - it is necessary to be able to do so as not to ruin the mother plant.So they resort to it only by experienced growers.This operation is also performed in the spring, during the interchange of manipulations to once again not to disturb the plant.The rhizome is divided with a sharp knife, slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal.In no case do not activate!The rest of the steps are the same as in the cuttings.
efforts with seeds
There is another way, is very unreliable, get a new Spathiphyllum.Reproduction at home with the help of seed in theory possible, but unlikely to succeed.Firstly, for their preparation require artificial pollination which does not always provide the scheduled results.Secondly, the germination of seeds of this flower is very low.Moreover, the seeds maturation: even a day later half of their already guaranteed not give germs.Third, after sowing in the sand and peat soil covered glass container, and your task is both to maintain its moisture content, and not to give seed to choke.So basically the way and remains purely theoretical - Spathiphyllum growers propagated vegetatively.
main thing that attracts fans of indoor plants Spathiphyllum - a long, up to two months, bloom.An additional attraction is the fact that most varieties produce "cob" willingly.However, it happens that, in spite of the care and proper care, the plant is capricious.There are several ways to nudge it in the right direction.
- Rearrange pot.Most often, the rejection of flowering caused by adverse light or thermal conditions.You can try to move the plant to a "brighter" place.At first, that it used to, you should either pritenit it or push in the less-lit place.After adaptation Spathiphyllum can be given more light.Very often, almost immediately, he throws out buds.
- often stimulates flowering humidity.Either make more frequent spraying, or turn on a humidifier or just put beside a container of water.
- If these simple steps to no avail, move Spathiphyllum (temporarily!) On the water starvation.First, a couple of weeks watering less frequently than usual, and then leave for a week without water at all.In order not to harm the flower, spray it more often.After enduring a specified time, move the pot closer to the light, to return to the normal mode and the irrigation Feed the Spathiphyllum fertilizer for flowering plants.Within a month, he will blossom.
Well, that bloom was longer, it should be time to cut off the faded "ears."Then they will not hinder the development of new ones.
Try to bring to your garden naokonny Spathiphyllum.Breeding (see picture in the article), it is easy and almost always successful, will allow you to quickly decorate your home this beautiful plant with glossy leaves and delicate white flowers.