Cabbage, known since prehistoric times, and is now the most worthy place in Russian gardens.It is hard to subsistence farming and Russian national cuisine without this remarkable vegetable.Cabbage, light-requiring, and cold-resistant culture, got all the best qualities of the wild ancestors - cruciferous Mediterranean.It is widely cultivated in all European countries, and due to selective discoveries of recent years in the culture introduced new varieties and species with improved properties.One such hybrid is a cabbage "Megaton F1», which we'll talk.
Close tight head framed by matt-green wavy leaf average weight of 3.5-5 kg - a cabbage "Megaton F1», a photo of which is shown below.One of the most prolific and beloved by domestic growers of high-yielding hybrids, bred by Dutch breeders, has excellent taste, is suitable for use in salads, pickling and other processing.
variety of medium ripening period (102 days or more) time to build a large, rounded-flattened head with very den
Needless to say about the benefits of cabbage.It contains a unique compound vitamins and mineral substances, improving the quality of life.The apparent advantage of such vegetables as cabbage "Megaton F1».Reviews gardeners note:
• high resistance to fusarium - a fungal disease affecting the blood vessels and leads to death of the plant;
• good productivity;
• head not susceptible to cracking;
• perfectly transported and has excellent keeping quality.
Cabbage "Megaton F1» prefers fertile soil and excellent growing on cultivated loam.But it is very unpretentious hybrid responsive in a caring and paying capacity of head mass, so choosing the right landing place and follow-up care is very important.
Cabbage, including cabbage "Megaton F1», the disclosure of which is presented in the article, is successfully developing at moderate temperatures (18 ° C 13+).Seedlings may die in cold weather or young seedlings successfully carries short-lived frosts to -3oS, the grown - up to -5 ° C.Ripe cabbage on the vine are resistant to frost up -8oS.But high temperatures depressing effect on the development of culture at + 30-35oS stops the development of a hybrid.The need for a culture of moderate moisture from landing, but increasing with the beginning of the formation of heads.
How many brothers cabbage, kale "Megaton F1» (reviews gardeners emphasize this point) is a culture of long days.It does not tolerate shade, especially at the stage of seedlings, so for good growth of seedlings regular supply of light is vital.And then it is not recommended to plant culture in the shade of fruit trees, seedlings distributed without complying with the required interval or not to conduct timely weeding.All these factors affect the yield and will not give a full head of cabbage.
placement on the site
For optimal arrangement cabbage ridges selected plot on which early (2-3 years) are not cultivated cruciferous crops - cabbage, turnips, radishes, etc., As the long-term use of space for the cultivation of representatives of one family provokes the accumulation of specificdiseases and soil depletion.In addition to proper crop rotation is very important illumination.Bright, sunny and well-ventilated place is the best suited for the cultivation of this useful vegetable.
cooking cabbage flower bed under the pre-start.In autumn dig the soil well, picking weeds and fragments of roots.Cabbage - acknowledged gourmet gardeners.Being a strong plant, it quickly pulls out soil nutrients, experiencing special arrangement to quality organics.Is no exception and cabbage "Megaton F1».Reviews of experienced gardeners - the supporters of organic agriculture, are unanimous: excellent hybrid grows on organic fertilizers (humus or rotted manure).Therefore, when the autumn prepare the beds for every square meter make 10-12 kg of manure.Acidic soils are not suited to this culture as excessive acidity stimulates development of the disease called Qila cabbage.Therefore digging (if required) and spend more lime, adding dolomite flour or lime.Together with the organic matter in the fall make triple superphosphate (30 g. / M 2).
When spring digging for 2 weeks before planting seedlings in the soil added 40 gr. / M2 of urea and potassium sulfate.Cabbage "Megaton F1», characteristic of which is presented in the article, as a rule, is grown seedlings.
Cabbage seedlings planted in greenhouses or greenhouses, as well as homes in seedling containers.To avoid the occurrence of bacterial or viral infections, seeds pretreated.They were heated in water at 50 ° C for 20 minutes, then cooled by placing in cold boiled water for 3-5 minutes.The last stage of seed treatment is soaking in bio-stimulants ("Zircon", "Silk", "Appin", etc.) For a few hours.Time processing continues according to the instructions supplied with the selected drug.
of medium grade, which include cabbage "Megaton F1» planted seedlings in the temperate latitudes of the Russian around the beginning of April.Seeds deepened by 1 cm, sprinkled soil, moisten the surface with a soft water spray.On top of the container seedlings or cover garden beds film.Appeared in 4-6 days the seedlings gradually freed from shelters, is not removed immediately, and free parts.So seedlings adapt more easily, reduces the stress of the transition from the normal climate conditions in the environment.
Seedlings: particular care
criteria for the proper development of seedlings in the first few days after germination is sufficient light and constant moderate (8-10 ° C) temperature.For this period the plant is considered to be critical - seedling stops feeding stocks of seed and begins to develop the root and aboveground parts.With the emergence of the first true leaf indoor temperature is raised to 14-18 ° C.Another prerequisite of quality seedlings growing - providing seedlings fresh air.It is important for plants such as cabbage "Megaton F1».Reviews gardeners unanimous: good ventilation accelerates the growth of seedlings.To maintain the defenses of the plant every 8-10 days in water for irrigation are added few crystals of manganese.
A pick seedlings and planting in the garden rules
When regrowth of 2-3 true leaves of the seedlings dive - are seated on separate containers.Pre generously poured sprouts carefully selected with a clod of earth, a third and a shortened root in a separate pot, buried at cotyledon leaves.
Settings strong productive hybrid seedlings for planting in the garden are:
• plant height 15-20 cm;
• presence of 4-6 true leaves.
in open ground "Megaton F1» planted in the mid-to late May, having planting holes at a distance of 0.55-0.65 m with half-meter spacing between rows.Bury the seedlings at the first leaf, not allowing him to fall asleep ground.When planting young plants abundantly watered.
Cabbage "Megaton F1»: the cultivation and care
Accelerate the survival and further development of the productive beds of cabbage help content in the wet state.Therefore, the grown plants before closing spud leaves periodically, maintaining a normal level of moisture.Cabbage "Megaton F1» (growers reviews confirm) requires generous watering 5-6 for the season, the rate of each of which is 15 to 20 l / m2.Although, of course, should be to focus on the state of the weather.A month before harvest watering stop.
hybrid Feed up twice a season.The first - after 2-3 weeks after planting, water the plants, adding water to 5 g. / M 2 of urea, superphosphate and double potassium sulfate.The second time - in early July, watered by reducing the concentration of urea to 2 g. / M2 and bringing potassium fertilizer up to 8-10 g. / M2.
timely care will ensure a simple high yield classical representative cruciferous cabbage which is the "Megaton F1».The cultivation of this hybrid does not differ from many of medium grades, but clearly superior to their weight and quality of the cabbages.