Many people are happy to engage in cultivation of houseplants.But unfortunately, not everyone knows how to transplant the flowers.In connection with this case of trouble, plants after transplantation long ill, languish or even die.To this did not happen, you should know some important rules.
basic requirements before transplanting plants
only one who knows how to transplant the flowers, can be regarded as experienced growers.Basic rules transplants need to know how the multiplication table.
- should accurately determine the grade and type of plant.
- Based on the rules of care for this type of plant, you need to find new dishes in accordance with the characteristics of the flora.
- Selection Special, designed specifically for this type of plant soil mixture - one of the most important moments, when there is a problem, how to transplant the flowers.
- Selecting a successful transplant time - an important aspect for the future health of the plant.
- the need to prepare before planting of all necessary to ensure that the procedure was how to quickly and painlessly for the flower.
time for transplanting plants
basic rule to answer the question, when you can repot indoor plants, is this: not only during the flowering!Usually flowering plant life processes are most active, so any interference in its vital functions can destroy a flower.And in general, it is best to make a transplant during the lowest of his activity.And it need not be the autumn and winter, as is the case with plants growing outdoors in our natural surroundings.Please note that indoor plants for the most part imported from other climatic zones, so periods of vitality they can be totally different than it does with our usual representatives of the flora.For example, a flower "Decembrists" it blooms in the winter, what its name says, as well as many other plants in the winter does not "fall asleep", but are in good shape.
Preparing to transplant a cactus
succulent plants, to what are cacti do not like transplanting.In connection with this aspect of this should be done only in extreme cases, such as when the container in which the plant is growing, has become quite small for the plant.As mentioned above, you should not transplant during flowering cactus.But if the decision is made once and for all, the florist should know how to transplant the flowers belonging to the family of succulents.
- Cactus before the transplant should not be watered for several days to earthen room, which twist around the rhizome of the plant is well appreciated in the roots.
- work should be wearing gloves on his hands, and the plant itself to wind the paper.
- Before removing from the pot succulent need obstuchal container so that the root ball is separated from the walls of the cookware.
- If a notch from the old plant capacity have difficulties, you can use the needle, but pulled out of the pot plant is strictly contraindicated - it is possible to reverse his neck.
- So how to transplant the flower room can only be the case if the plant is healthy, after its removal from the container should carefully examine the roots - they must have a white color without any spots or dry rot roots.Therefore, if any affected areas should remove sharp blade.
- can also produce very long trimming roots.Do not be upset if the dry land from the root system of the plants are transplanted hair will fall off shallow roots - it's not much harm succulents.
in a prepared container on the bottom is required to pour concrete block, mixed with charcoal, a thickness of about three centimeters.Next to this "cushion" to half the volume of the substrate is filled either acquired in a special gardening store, or created independently in accordance with the requirements of the given class and succulent species.Holding the plant with his left hand on the ground, the other must be added to the pot substrate.The plant should be located exactly in the center of the tank, the entire root system must be inside.So how to transplant the family of succulents flower room - it is extremely delicate, you should be very careful.Because these plants are extremely fragile and can easily break their stem.
few secrets of successful transplantation succulent
- Only after Florist determine when a good repot indoor plants, he has to start preparing for this process.
- top of the substrate to be covered with sand or small stones - in order to prevent severe drying up of land and the formation of a dense crust.
- rammed earth should gradually as sprinkling it in the tank, using a pencil, carefully, layer by layer.
- High plant that grew in the same place in the "company", in the new reservoirs may have difficulty in maintaining the stem vertically.Therefore it is recommended to stick to the pot support, which will support the flower.If necessary, tie the stem to the support.
importance of compliance with the rules of care after the transplant succulent
Asked how to transplant the flower room, succulent, experienced growers sure to focus on the post-interchange period of adaptation.Indeed, for most plants proper care after the transplant it is not as important condition for the healing of a flower in a new place, as a person is the post-operative period.Keep in mind that for the transplant of flora - the strongest stress that it is quite difficult to survive.
Post interchange care cactus
Once properly transplanted indoor flower florist succulent failed and the plant has not received any damage is required to organize a period of adaptation of flora.To do this, you must comply with the basic rules.
- select a site for the plant, to avoid strong light exposure to direct sunlight.
- Succulents are extremely sensitive to much water and may rot in this regard.Therefore, water the plant after planting is not recommended.
- beneficial effect on succulents spraying solutions of HB-101, or "Appin-extra" that are excellent biostimulants for plants.
orchid This plant is considered one of the most demanding.Beginner gardeners can be very difficult to properly care for these unique species of flora, because orchids are sensitive to the transposition of the pot from place to place, on the drafts, temperature and humidity, condition of the substrate, the amount of space in the pot.All of these factors may have a negative effect on the plant.If the flowers and leaves of flora have spots, so something with it is not in order.
very important time to determine the time when the good repot indoor flowers called orchids.After a transplant may be the only way to rid the plant of the problems.For example, if the capacity in which the flower stems, is small, and the leaves grower notices inappropriate spot means a plant to be transplanted to another substrate - sometimes fall into the soil bacteria and germs which contribute to its degradation.However, this should be done only after the end of flowering orchids.Usually in late spring and early summer, orchids do not grow - this is the best period for transplanting.However, before transplanting flower room, belonging to the family of orchids, you need to define more precisely timing when the plant is at rest - this time can sometimes fall out and into another season.At the time the rest of the flower roots are painted in green or gray.But when the tips of the plants have a bright light green in color, touch it is contraindicated.To florist was convenient to monitor the state of the root system of the flora, experienced lovers of orchids are planted in a transparent container.
Substrate for orchids
When we transplant the flowers home, then the best option is buying the finished soil designed specifically for this species and varieties of plants.This rule applies to the orchids.However, if the substrate in the finished product can not be found, it can be manufactured independently.The soil composition may include components such as tree bark, vermiculite, pottery shards, coconut shells, dried roots of ferns, moss, foam, concrete block and other components.However, it should immediately eliminate the bark of pine trees, which activates the process of decay of the soil.You should also select the components that contribute to the free passage of water, and not delaying it inside.
Features transplant orchids
It is important to remember that each plant has its own strict rules and transplant care.And knowing how to repot indoor flowers of most species, do not use these skills in relation to the orchids.In particular, many of the plants are transplanted way "perevalivaniya", that is, along with a clod of earth, which is held the flower roots.
- But orchid root system before planting should be cleaned of soil.
- Purification must be carried out after watering the roots - in the wet state.
- good watering before removing it from the old tank will provide ease of this procedure.Also, it is a guarantee that the healthy roots of orchid will remain intact.
- Since replant flowers in the pot should be only completely healthy before putting the root system in the soil it is necessary to remove all the diseased areas with white, gray, yellow or black color.Do not touch only the green roots.
- And removal is carried out exclusively with sterile scissors.
- the cut to be processed ash.
- Before planting the roots should be allowed to dry for the night.
- in new capacity for transplantation, should first pour drainage mixture, which should take a third of the volume.
- very important feature of transplant orchids is a fact that the roots of the plants do not need to fill up completely.Be sure to leave some of them did not fall asleep on the surface of the pot.
- should ensure that no voids between the roots of the plants and substrate.To achieve this it is necessary to tap a pot continuously while when backfilling the root system ground.
- Do not press down the soil with your fingers, as this may damage the roots of the orchid while.It is best to use special clips designed to strengthen plants in soil.After regrowth of the roots of the new clip can be easily removed.
- After transplantation of orchid it is not necessary to water, but you should put it where the humidity is quite high for a period of two to three weeks.
- plant is not watered for two months, but using spraying.
Each grower needs to know what species it belongs to a houseplant where better to transplant the flowers of this species and varieties, what are the characteristics of this flower transplants.